Women who had only bore females were given derogatory names, such as "mothers of brides".
A family with well-grown sons was considered to have decent security.
Politically, they often managed to become Interregnum queens.
In the Ptolemaic Dynasty this rise to power was sublimated with the establishment of a coregency system, in which Queens had the same position as Kings and were even powerful enough to obtain in dispute that coregency for themselves.
The role of women in Egypt has changed throughout history, from ancient to modern times.
As children, females were raised to be solely dependent upon their fathers and older brothers.At the same time, the state repressed independent feminist organizations, leaving a dearth of female political representation.The economic liberalization plan of the Sadat regime would result in the collapse of this system and the resurgence of Islamist-influenced policy.Women were guaranteed the right to vote and equality of opportunity was explicitly stated in the 1956 Egyptian constitution, forbidding gender-based discrimination.Labor laws were changed to ensure women's standing in the work force and maternity leave was legally protected.Unlike most traditional Egyptian women, Cleopatra and Nefertiti were among the few who had a major impact as rulers in Egyptian society.